All translations of this text are my own. individuals (or family groups) living from nature … Keywords: Hegel, State, Reconstruction, Sustainable Development, Good Governance, Absolute Spirit Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation Agbude, Godwyns, African Politics and Hegel’s Concept of the State (August 11, 2014). It is the first manifestation of spirit but it cannot fulfill the higher or more complex needs for which we need a … W.F., Lectures on the History of Philosophy, vol. 97 Russett, Bruce, Grasping the Democratic Peace (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993). iii. and Turnbull, G. H., ed. “The state of nature, therefore, is rather the state of injustice, violence, untamed natural impulses, of inhuman deeds and emotions.” [Part III, 3(b)] The concept of “state of nature” is taken in Hegel’s writings to . That is, its purpose is not retribution against the accused (as it is for Locke, for example), but rather the vindication of “right” and the communal ethos. 3 Maclntyre, Alisdair, “Is Patriotism a Virtue?” in Theorizing Citizenship, p. 217. Smith, David E., MacKinnon, Peter, and Courtney, John C. (Saskatoon: Fifth House, 1991), pp. See Hegel, G. W. F., Vorksungen über Rechtsphilosophie 1831–1831, 4 vols., ed. Hereafter VPR, cited by volume number, section, and page number. Indeed, the education to valour of soldiers is designed to make them consciously and constantly practice their patriotism as a vocation (PR, §327). Extensive invocations of force as a guarantor of social order are dropped in favor of the view I have been explicating here. The State. J. Michael Stewart and Peter C. Hodgson (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995) (hereafter PR1). See PR §274A. 74–75 [100–101] for a similar discussion of national vitality and its relationship to “grand objects” including war. 89 Hegel routinely speaks of war and the role of the military in defensive language. Hegel made quite evident that what the new, developing strong state really needed was a comprehensive philosophy, contributed by a Great Philosopher to give its mighty rule coherence and legitimacy. Keywords: Hegel, State, Reconstruction, Sustainable Development, Good Governance, Absolute Spirit, Suggested Citation: It is the first manifestation of spirit but it cannot fulfill the higher or more complex needs for which we need a … 39 See Kelly, George Armstrong, “Hegel's America”, Philosophy and Public Affairs 2, no. It is through participating in these different levels that the individual finds self-expression and fulfillment. 36 There are strong affinities between Hegel's understanding of patriotism and the Habermasian conception of a “constitutional patriotism” (see Habermas, Jürgen, “Citizenship and National Identity” in Theorizing Citizenship, pp. On the place of force in Kant's political philosophy see also Maletz, Donald J.. “The Problem of Modern Idealism” Independent Journal of Philosophy, 5/6 (1988): 39. (Indianapolis: Hackett, 1991), §6. (New York: Harper, 1967), pp. mean. 69 See Smith, Steven B., “Hegel's Views on War, the State, and International Relations,” American Political Science Review 77, no. 142–43 and Manning, Preston, The New Canada (Toronto: MacMillan, 1992). But this view is only partly correct. 1 (1972): 3–36. Close this message to accept cookies or find out how to manage your cookie settings. In other words, the “actuality” of concrete freedom—the state—has a further dimension. Cambridge Studies in the History & Theory of Politics This is the 1st full-length study in English of Hegel's political philosophy. Hegel's account of war is also a “test case” for his internally limited patriotism, as a comparison with Kant's argument for “perpetual peace” reveals. Of course, Hegel's “political liberalism” is not identical to contemporary liberal democracy. Wallace, William (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1971), §§ 537–539, hereafter PhM. For classical liberals and for Kant, the application of coercion is constant and internal. For the German see Hegel, , Werke, 19, pp. I explore this characterization in relation to Hobbes, Locke, and Kantbelow. 162–65). 1: 314–15. Compare these passages to Hegel, PR, §91: “the free will in and for itself cannot be coerced”; and §92: “coercion…is, therefore, contrary to right”; and to PR, §§ 257–259, which correspond to the passages at and around PR1, §123. Drawing on his philosophical works, political tracts & personal correspondence it shows how his concern with social problems influenced his concept of state. In short, Hegel's metaphysical teachings have serious shortcomings from a contemporary point of view, and I do not think they should persuade us to reject liberal democratic practice. Werke, 8. On Hegel's long-standing interest in “the rule of law” see Hance, Allen S., “The Rule of Law in The German Constitution,” Owl of Minerva, 22, no. Posted: 12 Aug 2014. The issue is something like Otfried Höffe's contrast between “the idea of freedom from coercion, whereby such freedom from coercion is seen as a social principle and not, say, as a principle of legitimation” (Höffe, . , trans. This interpretation is supported by Hegel's use of the term volition only in the section of PR dealing with ethical life (see PR, §§142, 166, 187, 258R, and 268) which suggests Wollen is an act of will that is connected to the reasoned objectivity of Sittlichkeit. This paper investigated and outlined the consequences and the remedy to this Hegel’s foundation of African States and emphasized the necessity for sustainable development to become the goal of those in the position of power in Africa. “Even a Nation of Devils Needs the State” in Essays on Kant's Political Philosophy, ed. 2 Nussbaum, , “Patriotism and Cosmopolitanism”, p. 17. For Hegel, the whole universe is the self-projection, self-externalization, self-manifestation, and self-development of the Absolute Spirit. Rorty, Amélie Okensberg (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1980), 71. For the German see Hegel, G.W.F., Werke, 7 (Frankfurt: Suhrkamp Verlag, 1970). Hegel's concept of patriotism helps specify an account of the just association of collective identity and state power. It does a particularily good job of outlining Hegel's idea of civil society and how it works in conjunction with the political state and the family unit. 79 Indeed, Hegel suggests exactly this in his discussion of the Bonaparte regime in Spain. 190ff. Freedom was not the capacity to do as one liked but was the alignment with a universal will toward well-being. 21 Pages 32 To my knowledge, Hegel never uses the expression “the rule of law” (Rechtstaatlichkeit) in PR; however, one can easily take it to be implied in his characterization of the state, as I do here. II, trans. Usage data cannot currently be displayed. One of the best accounts of Hegel's ambivalence on the issue of a “constitution” can be found in Wood's note 9 to §273R of PR (at p. 462). The addition to §268 comes principally from notes in VPR, III. 36ff and 178ff. The concept of freedom is one which Hegel thought of very great importance; indeed, he believed that it is the central concept in human history. Hegel … * Views captured on Cambridge Core between . In the other cases, however, the internal application of force has a “primary” deterrent or controlling effect, i.e., the threats of coercion are what makes for the order by deterring anti-social behavior. Also worthy of note are the passages around Ilting's title “modern patriotism” in VPR, IV. Ilting, K.H. Sibree, J. 2 (1994): 384–96. For a comparison similar to mine on the role of force in Kant and Hegel see Williams, Howard, Kant's Political Philosophy (Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 1983), p. 58.