A Good Will, Kant says “acts for the sake of duty” and not “acting according to duty”, and a good action is performed not because one feels like doing it but because the moral law demands it.In other words, the Good Will is good in itself; this moral law is therefore the principle of reason and a rational being with a Good Will automatically does its duty [5]. In this paper, I will endeavor in Kant’s view of categorical imperatives to better understand how the aforementioned provide a means to determine an action’s morality and how, when confronted by objections, stand firm in their absolute grounds. A real knowledge, one ought to know, goes along with the morality of such knowledge. In other words, one should act according to the principle of an action that can be universalized. is supposed to provide a way for us to evaluate moral According to Kant, the only good thing in the world is "good will." Following the categorical imperatives is what eventually will make one virtuous because they are universal laws or commands to being, correct. According to Kant's philosophy, which one of the following commands could be universalized (would pass the 3-part test)? As Kant said: “as I have deprived the will of every impulse which could arise to it from obedience to any law [of nature], there remains nothing but the universal conformity of its action to law in general, which alone is to serve the will as a principle [19]. ”, listing so many of my characteristics that no one else has them all. That is, the hypothetical imperative commands an action since it is a means to an end, and the reason why such action is good is that it is a means to a certain end [6].Categorical imperative is derived from the concept of duty. “Always act according too the maxim whose universality as law you can at the same time will” and is the “only condition which a will can never come into conflict with self [14]”. put differently, they bind all agents irrespective of their desires and interests. Although, it is sometimes hard to formulate theories as such in other to get an expected end yet its relevance to morality, as complex as it is, is contemplating. So, I say “its action” rather than his or her or mine actions because Kant intend his ethical system to apply to all rational beings, even those who might be no-humans or genderless like angels and gods.Because to Kant, any being – human or non-humans that can formulate maxims and recognize contradiction is subject to the categorical imperative, the moral law. Kant says in his work Morality and Rationality “The good will is not good because of what it affects or accomplishes or because of it’s adequacy, Many proponents of Kant claim that the categorical imperative helps to alleviate cases of conforming to duty and advocates for doing things for the sake of moral obligation. You can get your custom paper from to comment on readings and amplify class discussion. The second view of the theory is that Kant tries to distinguish the moral from the immoral by saying that what makes a principle moral is basically that it is universalizable.In other words, there is no inconsistency in supposing everyone to act on it. He (2017, Apr 29). This position leaves much to be desired. A conditional statement is a hypothetical imperative. next section. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy, The input space is limited by 250 symbols. We use cookies to give you the best experience possible. An imperative is a command of reason. Can I not describe my case in such a way that no one is like me? Kant theorizes that moral reasoning is not based on factual knowledge and that reason by itself can reveal the basic principles of morality. Proceed to the next section by clicking here> With further explanations, Kant postulated what he called ‘categorical imperatives’. Hence, ethics as the branch of philosophy deals with the morality of human actions; or as the branch of philosophy which studies the norms of human behavior. Kant, Immanuel: Fundamental Principles  http://www2.hn.psu.edu/faculty/jmanis/kant/Metaphysic-Morals.pdf. Ideas contemplated and developed and theorized by Kant include the concepts of good will, the categorical imperative, universal acceptability, and humanity as an end rather than a means. Take for instance; “everyone should fight for his country” is universal since no particular country is mentioned. This could be explained in the example of never telling a lie and never harming someone. If you need this or any other sample, we can send it to you via email. It follows that all rational being capable of formulating maxims and recognizing contradiction would agree with and endorses actions that spring from any individual rational being with a Good Will, because non-contradiction is a universal law for rational beings. The universalizability theory holds two significant views. of Duty: Immanuel Kant, A Critique Kant was the last influential philosopher of modern Europe in the classic sequence of the theory of knowledge during the enlightenment beginning with thinkers like John Locke, George Beckley and David Hume [2]. What would count as universalizing a judgment? More so, Hegel pointed out that universalizability theory has not been able to determine the morality of action because it already presupposes what it sets out to prove. [1] The goal of ethics is morality, the oughtness of an action, the essence of morality and the standard for judging an action to be right or wrong, good or bad. Duty, he says, ‘is the necessity of acting out of reference for the moral law [7]. Professor Gendler shows how Kant uses the categorical imperative to argue for particular moral duties, such as the obligation to keep promises. Albeit, the Categorical Imperative has four different formulations, through moral requirements, better known as categorical imperatives. According to Kant, however, in most situations are duty is obvious. CRITQUE OF PRATICAL REASON, (1788) and METAPHYSIC OF MORALS (1787). They are not intended for publication or general distribution. The only thing that is good without qualifications is the Good Will and all other things that are generally considered as good are not unconditionally good, in the sense that, their goodness need to be qualified because they become bad when they are misused.He therefore concludes that there is only one thing that is truly good: “For nothing in the world –indeed nothing even beyond the world can possibly be conceived which could be called good without qualification except a Good Will[4]” Therefore, the Good Will cannot become bad for the reason that it is the only good without qualifications. All rights reserved. His main interests were in epistemology, metaphysics ethics, logic and aesthetics. Universalizability TheoryFollowing the above explanation, Kant made us to know that what can be said to be morally right or wrong depends entirely on the categorical imperative.